How many people around the world access to electricity and safe household fuels is missing? What is the share of renewable energies in the global mix? How do we improve energy efficiency?
The sustainable energy for all global tracking framework, published report on the Vienna Energy Forum on May 28 answers these questions. There are detailed country level and global data, the scale of the challenges ahead to outline, as countries try to the three objectives of the sustainable energy for all initiative: universal access to modern energy to double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix and doubling the rate of energy efficiency - all up to the year 2030.
Provision of electricity for 1.2 billion people have no access to reliable sources of energy, is an important component to end poverty around the world by 2030, according to a report of the World Bank Group. Vice President Rachel Kyte says that people who live without electricity less possibilities to improve their living conditions.
The report tells us that 1.2 billion do not have access to electricity people - almost as high as the population of India, and the 2.8 billion on wood or other biomass for household fuel left. These households produce solid fuel harmful indoor pollution, which contributes to about 4 million premature deaths per year, most of them women and children. The report also tells us that most people are still without access live in 20 countries in the development of Asia and Africa South of the Sahara, and about 80 percent of them living in rural areas.
How fast to build energy access?
Although 1.7 billion people connections to electricity between 1990 and 2010 retrieved, which was only slightly before the population growth of 1.6 billion euros in the same period. Current expansion growth must double to achieve the goal by the year 2030 100 percent access. Getting access need be invested an additional $45 billion, every year, five times the current annual level. The CO2 cost of this extension is small: to bring without electricity it would increase global CO2 emissions by less than 1 percent.
Sustainable energy for all, civil society and international organisations, aims a global coalition of Governments, the private sector, to achieve this goal, also the quantity of renewable energy in the global energy mix doubles from its current share of 18 per cent to 36 per cent by 2030. The initiative is intended to double the rate of improvement in the area of energy efficiency. SE4ALL launched in 2011 by United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, now building with President of the World Bank Group Jim Yong Kim Advisory Board.
The global tracking framework is a milestone in this effort, said World Bank Vice President for sustainable development Rachel Kyte, Member of sustainable energy for all initiative Executive Committee. "It base provides information on, where we meet on the trip are global energy policy objectives," she said. "Everyone is to measure their progress toward the baseline. And we know that this is important because what is measured is what is being done."
Where can we make the biggest difference?
The report shows impressive countries to offer the most potential rapid progress:
Twenty high-impact countries in Asia and Africa accounts for about two-thirds of all people without electricity access and three quarters of those who Haushalte.Ein accounts for another 20 high-impact countries with solid fuels 80 percent of energy consumption and need to double a pioneering role on doubling the share of renewable energies to 36 percent of the global energy mix and improvement in the field of energy efficiency.China is an example of impressive progress: the most populous country in the world is the largest consumer of energy, but it is also the leader in development of renewable energy and improving energy efficiency.
The report states that decisive action is required to achieve these goals. He calls political measures, including the tax, financial and economic incentives, phasing out fossil fuel subsidies and price carbon.
Investment in energy improvements have the global community. The report estimates that investments already made in energy in the amount of about $409 billion in the year to more than double need to achieve three objectives. An additional $600 billion needed, the report says, at least 45 billion $ for electricity expansion $4.4 billion for modern cooking fuels, $394 billion for energy efficiency and $174 billion for renewable energy.
This article originally appeared on the World Bank and was published with permission.
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