Thursday, June 23, 2011

Turkey sends mixed messages on climate change position

Thursday, June 23, 2011

Heavy rains brought to a halt due to excessive flooding various provinces such as Erzurum, Gaziantep, Siirt, Malatya and Antalya. But Turkey remains hazy attitude to climate change.

A signatory of the Kyoto Protocol, but a bad renewable energy producer, Turkey currently seeks the answer to the optimization of energy production. At the same time tried to ensure that the greenhouse gases released not increase power generation Turkey. Turkey has one of the lowest greenhouse gas emissions per capita in Europe.

Dr. Mikdat Kad?oglu, the Director of disaster management research and Application Center on Istanbul Technical University (ITU), suggested that Turkey didn't feel the adverse effects of climate change still has. He argued that climate change drastic impact on the weather, would suggesting that it would be "City floods" and droughts, add, that the State Waterworks Authority (DSI) does not have the capacity to deal with "City floods."

Kad?oglu Turkey also criticized attitude to climate change, that no organization in Turkey has the ability to deal with climate change, argue, that there no future-oriented perspective in dealing with the future environmental consequences of climate change.

Yunus Muluk, a political representative of the Green Party in Istanbul explains that "climate change a problem with that is the whole world." Climate change will have a course, Turkey. Weather inconsistencies are an example of how climate change has affected Turkey. Previously, witness the Akdeniz region never weather inconsistencies. Prior to recent weather inconsistencies common in the region become. In Istanbul have similar inconsistencies were experienced. In addition were typhoons and storms never really in Turkey. "But seem they are now much more often."

The Government currently trying alternative energy procedure set, to reduce the level of greenhouse gases and to minimize the Turkey international energy dependency. As a result continue to hydroelectric power plants at a rapid pace to open. Three new nuclear power plants will be built by 2023 set.

Nuclear energy, effective preventive action for climate change?

In order to counter the adverse effects of climate change, Turkey recently has the decision, nuclear power plants, create, which are to a viable option for the fight against climate change. Much controversy surrounds this latest decision. Muluk argues: "Scientists in Turkey believe nuclear energy will solve the problem of climate change." This is true but not completely. First of all, the construction of a nuclear power plant is a large amount of time. Secondly, as soon as the power station works, it can affect his environment. "Therefore climate change will continue with or without nuclear power plants."

International criticism followed Turkey's decision to go nuclear. More recently, the newspaper the guardian outlines the potential risks of Turkey building a nuclear power plant so near a fault line. "Turkey planning three nuclear power plants in Akkuyu on the Aegean Sea." The website is only a few kilometres from the active Ecemis error and is in an area where large earthquakes in the past occurred. "A 1999 earthquake in Turkey killed nearly 20,000 people."

Germany, once a strong supporter of nuclear power plants, has confirmed that they all will end their nuclear power plants by 2022. This decision re-sparked debate in Turkey's nuclear decision.

Electricity generated from hydropower more profitable?

Turkey has also the capacity for the development of hydroelectricity. Necdet Pamir, an energy expert who taught at the Bilkent and Istanbul Kultur earlier told universities, Zaman Sunday, that Turkey energy easily be could met by alternative and renewable energy sources, that Turkey is not yet detected.

According to the Pamir, the potential hydroelectric power in Turkey is the area large. He added that hydropower is one of the most important energy sources for conservation as its technical and economic potential is around 140 billion kilowatts, beats arguments that claim Turkey lacks sufficient alternative energy sources are not entirely true, hours (kWh) and 170 billion kWh with the right technology has been increased. Such potential will be realized only 35 percent of the hydroelectric energy and 65 per cent is waiting to develop energy needs for Turkey says Pamir.

There are currently 172 operational hydroelectric power stations in the country, while 148, which are more built at this time. However, a large number of environmental non-governmental organisations in Turkey are strong against the existence of the hydroelectric power plants. Hydroelectric power plants have significant ecological disadvantages, including eco-system damage, loss of land and methane emissions.

Turkey, which imports 70 percent of the energy, as is currently the dilemma of trying, minimize its impact on climate change by you produce home-made, safe and sustainable long-term options for energy.

"Improved the capacity of the Turkey to adapt to climate change"

A project entitled "improving the capacity of the Turkey to adjust, climate change," the together by the Ministry of environment and forestry and development programme of the United Nations (UNDP) run was, was to develop a "capacity to manage climate risks change, rural and coastal development in Turkey".

"This was achieved by mainstreaming climate change adaptation in the national development framework, capacity-building in national and regional institutions, to integrate piloting community based adaptation projects in the river basin of the Seyhan and climate change adaptation into all United Nations agencies in Turkey." The project had a 7 million US-dollar-budget, and just completed, running from June 2008 - June 2011.

The project however not attracted a large amount of criticism for the handling of questions of climate change. The Ankara Photographers Association (AFSAD) and Middle Eastern Technical University Alumni Association (Turkey MD) proposed that plan to combat climate change is not yet clear to Turkey. Argued that the plan will not plan to change climate, such as with the hydro power plants, which will destroy a large amount of Turkey ecosystem reality with Turkey. Also beat Dr. Gunay can, regularly writes for the Yesil Gazete (green newspaper), that the plan not to questions of climate change significant, such as for example Turkey energy dilemma.

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