Tuesday, October 18, 2011

Czechoslovakia fights to double its nuclear energy program

Tuesday, October 18, 2011
Surrounded by corn, cycling and nature reserve, the eight large refrigeration have dominated the nuclear power station Dukovany the Czech landscape near the Austrian border for nearly three decades towers.

The Government worked against the odds to keep, so for many years to come.

Despite growing global skepticism about the use of nuclear energy, it plans to increase the country's nuclear power generation dramatically - a move that would give the country a place among the nuclear-dependent peoples of Europe.

The Czech reflects a sharp separation of nuclear use between European Nations and relations with neighbouring countries, which could have decided to free up nuclear seriously damaged are.

Chancellor Angela Merkel decided the Government, the nuclear phase out, 2022 based on the March collapse has Japan's Fukushima plant and Switzerland followed. Austria nuclear energy after the nuclear disaster at Chernobyl in 1986 abandoned and strictly against the Czech nuclear program.

Other former Eastern bloc countries now in the EU are the Czechs ahead on nuclear energy - the different economic needs between East and West.

Slovakia builds further nuclear plants. And Poland has U.S. and Japanese companies know-how and technology for his first talks with French, nuclear facility be completed by 2030.

The Czechs argue, nuclear energy is required because it is a clean and cost efficient source.

They are based 33 percent of their total electricity currently on six nuclear reactors - four 440-megawatt reactors in Dukovany and two 1,000 megawatt reactors at a different plant in Temelin is located an hour north of the Austrian border. The Government is hoping for at least the double output.

"We see increase in electricity production in nuclear power plants by around 30 percent to 60 percent by 2050," explained Deputy industry and Trade Minister Tomas 1935–1937 associated press.

"We mining have uranium and in the long term, there is no doubt nuclear energy is irreplaceable for us", 1935–1937 said his Ministry has put forward the new energy overhaul for the next 50 years to the Government by the end of the year.

A trio of big player - American Westinghouse Electric Co., a subsidiary of Japan's French State nuclear engineering giant Areva SA, Toshiba Corp., and a consortium led by Russia's Atomstroyexport - are already bidding to win a lucrative multibillion tender to build two more reactors on the Temelin. The reactors are expected to be ready for use in the middle of the next decade.

Has influenced by Austrian environmentalists was protested demanding it be closed for security reasons. Czech authorities stress both systems are safe and no problems, the transfer of called reactor stressing, which currently must be carried out in Europe after the Japanese disaster.

Dukovany of life opened a year before the disaster of Chernobyl will expire in 30 years. Germany closes plants of the same age - but the Czechs, despite international pressure to do so.

The nation largest electricity source already has gone through a review of 26 billion crowns ($1.4 billion) to increase its output last year, and improvement of control systems, as the plant apply for the nuclear authority gets ready the license renewal of at least 10 years, said plant spokesman Petr Spilka.

Target that at least a new 550-megawatt reactor at the site Dukovany be built and more places were for new equipment, said 1935–1937.

1935–1937 Said that a new 2,000-megawatt plant in the northeastern part of the country could be operational by 2060.

In contrast to the Austrian and German public spheres, the Czechs if she do not like to support nuclear - plant in their backyard.

Local environmentalists the Government plan called "bizarre", would say that it lead to the creation of an unpredictable energy.

"Such strong dependency on one dominant source energy could be problematic," said Martin SEDLAK, an energy expert for the friends of the Earth Czech Republic. "Investment in nuclear power are economically challenging and unpredictable."

You're not alone.

Austrian Foreign Minister Michael Spindelegger has sworn to all legal and political means in order to stop the Czechs, and his Environment Minister Nikolaus Berlakovich, said that his country the Czech plan "wrong a" in the course of Japan's nuclear disaster.

"It is unacceptable that someone expanded nuclear energy after Chernobyl and in particular of Fukushima," said Berlakovich APTN. "Austria interests for good neighbourly relations with the Czech Republic." "But in the interests of security of our people, we reserve all political and legal steps."

The Czechs remain resolutely ahead go.

"We, that events in Fukushima cannot, by any means, in question presented the case for nuclear energy,", President Vaclav Klaus said at the United Nations last month. "These arguments are strong, economically rational and convincing." "Nuclear power is a stable, the irreplaceable source of energy today are legitimate, and in some countries."


Monika Scislowska in Warsaw and APTN video journalist contributed Philipp Moritz Jenne in Vienna.

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